Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ri.uaq.mx/handle/123456789/546
Title: Autoestima y estilos de afrontamiento del adolescente ante las drogas
Authors: Perea Ortiz, Ma. Guadalupe
Keywords: Adolescentes
Sustancias psicoactivas
Autoestima
Adolescents
Psychoactive substances
Self-esteem
Issue Date: Mar-2012
Series/Report no.: RI000383;
Abstract: secundaria de dos escuelas públicas, en el municipio de Querétaro, Qro. México. Metodología: Descriptivo, transversal y correlacional, en una muestra de 291 alumnos de secundaria. Se utilizó la cédula de oportunidad de consumo de drogas elaborada ex profeso para este estudio, el cuestionario de Coopersmith que evalúa autoestima y la Escala de Afrontamiento para Adolescentes (ACS) de Frydenber y R. Lewis. Para el análisis de datos se empleó estadística descriptiva y correlación de Spearman. Resultados: El 63% de los estudiantes fue del sexo masculino, el rango de edad de 13 a15 años, el 90% viven con sus padres y un 4.6% con su madre. El 25.4% de los estudiantes refirieron que les han ofrecido sustancia psicoactivas, el 14.2% ha aceptado y el 16.5% ha consumido algún tipo de droga en más de una ocasión. Las principales drogas que les ofrecen y han consumido son alcohol y tabaco con más de un 40% y marihuana con 14.2%. El 64.2% de los estudiantes se ubicó con un nivel de autoestima muy alto y 12.3% como medio. Se observó correlación entre autoestima y las estrategias concentrarse en resolver problemas, preocuparse y fijarse en lo positivo. (p <0.05) Conclusiones: Se observa en la población autoestima alta y utilización de estrategias positivas, sin embargo, el consumo de tabaco y alcohol muestran niveles superiores a la media nacional, por lo que es importante resaltar un entorno de riesgo que favorece el consumo de drogas y plantea un área de oportunidad para las instituciones educativas y de salud para establecer programas de intervención en la prevención de sustancias adictivas.
Description: Adolescence is a particularly critical stage in which significant changes are experienced in personality. These changes result in stress-generating situations. When coupled with the lack of both self esteem and positive coping strategies to respond to these situations, a less adaptive behavior and increased vulnerability to develop risk behaviors such as drugs may be generated. Objective: To analyze the relationship between self-esteem and coping styles to drug use among adolescents in two secondary level public schools in the municipality of Querétaro, Qro. México. Methodology: Descriptive, transversal correlation in a sample of 291 secondary school students. We used the opportunity card drug expressly developed for this study, the Coopersmith questionnaire that evaluates self-esteem and AFONT Scale for Adolescents (ACS) developed by R. Frydenberg Lewis. The analysis used descriptive statistics and the Spearman correlation. Results: 63% of students were male, an age range of 13 a15 years old, 90% live with their parents and 4.6% with their mother. 25.4% of the students reported that psychoactive substances have been offered to them 14.2% have accepted and 16.5% have consumed some type of drug on more than one occasion. The main drugs that are offer to them and have been consumed are alcohol and snuff at more than 40% and marijuana at 14.2%, 64.2% of the students are rated to have high self-esteem and 12.3% average. A correlation was observed between self-esteem and strategies focusing on solving problems, as well as worry and a positive outlook. Conclusions: High self-esteem in the population and use of positive strategies, were observed; however, snuff and alcohol consumption showed levels above the national average. Therefore it is important to emphasize that there is an environment that encourages drug consumption, and that this poses an area of opportunity for educational institutions to establish health and intervention programs for preventing substance abuse.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/546
Appears in Collections:Maestría

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